僅供參考:PGA’s Motion Pictures Producing Credits

參考資料(美國製片工會):http://www.producersguild.org/?coc_tmp_2

好像應該寫點實用的東西,為社會貢獻一下。只不過,以下介紹的美國製片工會列出的producing credits只適用於美國,各位當作參考,切勿以為其它地區也是用此邏輯劃分。

至於為什麼要遵從PGA的指示,其實就是為了個小金人。每年的Academy Awards中,”Best Picture”的受獎人是該片的”Producer(s)”,而這個項目只開放給三個名額,也就是說,假設該電影有四位以上的”producer” 或 “produced by”,必須經過PGA核准後,選取其中三位的名字。但不管怎樣,PGA針對提名人選均有否決權。經典案例:The Departed (2006) 的producer分別為Brad Pitt, Brad Grey and Graham King,然而,最後提名並獲得奧斯卡最佳影片的producer僅有Graham King一人,這正是因為PGA將另外兩位Brads都從名單上剔除,認為此二人在本電影的”功能”並不符合producer的定義,故然。至於Brad Pitt到底做了啥或是沒做啥才被PGA踢掉,我知道的只是當初<無間道>的北美翻拍權是他的公司拿下的,本來他想自己演,但因為某種原因,他沒有參與演出。可是因為版權是他的且他又是國際巨星Brad Pitt,所以一般這種會給executive producer就能談攏的事情,製片方得讓出一個”producer”才能擺平。在美國,producing credits真的常常是拿來作為談判用的籌碼的。

Producer是做啥的已經有專文介紹,在此不重複,本篇僅介紹另外三個常見的producing credits: executive producer, co-producer and associate producer。

[Executive Producer]

通常排名階級(非工作地位階級)僅次於producer的就是executive producer,他/她能領到這個名稱主要必須符合以下兩點:

  1. Having secured an essential and proportionally significant part (no less than 25%) of the financing for the motion picture; and/or
  2. Having made a significant contribution to the development of the literary property, typically including the securement of the underlying rights to the material on which the motion picture is based.

簡而言之,就是要不你/妳替電影找到至少四分之一的錢,就是你/妳本人投了那麼多錢。或是在其它成就這部電影的生成有卓越的貢獻,多半是跟拿下版權、搞定關鍵人士相關的工作。這也往往是一些經紀人能在電影上拿到的最好的credit了(因為有時候沒他們出馬就不會有某個明星,製片方得收買或是感激這經紀人,故然)。

[Co-Producer]

這通常是給line producer的credit,我也不知道為什麼不讓line producer就叫line producer,其實還是有,但相對少數。這顧名思義就是負責拍攝期的各式工作,不管是預算或是各部門的頭頭都是對他/她負責:

  1. The credit of Co-Producer / Line Producer is to be granted to the individual who reports directly to the individual(s) receiving “Produced By” credit on the theatrical motion picture.
  2. The Co-Producer / Line Producer is the single individual who has the primary responsibility for the logistics of the production, from pre-production through completion of production; all Department Heads report to the Co-Producer / Line Producer.

[Associate Producer]

其實還蠻直白的:

1. The Associate Producer credit is granted solely on the decision of the individual receiving the Produced By credit, and is to be granted sparingly and only for those individuals who are delegated significant production functions.

2. The Associate Producer is responsible for performing one or more producing functions delegated to him/her by the individual receiving the Produced By credit and the Co-Producer. This does not include persons whose primary function is as an assistant.

就是producer愛給誰就給誰,只要producer說得出某個理由就好,這個credit往往是拿來談條件或做人情的。

結論是:producing credits都是虛名,把電影拍好才是一切。

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s